As an F1 visa holder, your wife is considered a non-resident alien for tax purposes. However, once you and your wife got married in April 2021, her tax status changed to that of a resident alien. This means that for the years 2020-2022, she should have filed a joint tax return with you, as her H1B status makes her a resident for tax purposes.
Unfortunately, it seems that your wife's employer did not withhold FICA taxes from her pay during the years 2020-2022. FICA taxes include Social Security and Medicare taxes which are required for all employees, regardless of their visa status. As a result, your wife's company is now asking for a large sum of money to cover these taxes, which were not paid during those years.
This situation is not uncommon for couples in similar situations, as the US tax system can be complex and confusing when it comes to filing taxes as an F1 and H1B couple. However, there are steps you can take to rectify the situation and avoid potential penalties.
Consult a Tax Advisor
The first and most important step is to consult a tax advisor who is knowledgeable about the tax laws and regulations for F1 and H1B couples. They will be able to review your specific situation and provide you with the best course of action to take.
A tax advisor can also help you understand the potential penalties for not filing taxes correctly, as well as any other tax implications that may arise from this situation. They can also guide you through the process of filing an amended tax return and any necessary forms, such as the 8843 and 1040X.
File an Amended Tax Return
Once you have consulted with a tax advisor and have a clear understanding of the steps to take, you can file an amended tax return for the years 2020-2022. This will allow you to correct any mistakes made in your previous tax filings and ensure that your wife's FICA taxes are paid.
The specific form you will need to file depends on your wife's individual situation. For example, if she filed as a non-resident alien on her 1040 form for 2020, she will need to file a 1040NR for that year. If she filed as a resident alien on her 1040 form for 2021 and 2022, then she will need to file a 1040X for those years to amend her filing status to married filing jointly with you.
Understand the Penalties
Not filing taxes correctly or paying FICA taxes can result in penalties from the IRS. These penalties can include interest on any unpaid taxes, as well as potential fines for not filing or paying on time. However, if you work with a tax advisor and take the necessary steps to amend your tax returns, you can avoid these penalties.
It's also important to note that even if your wife's employer did not withhold FICA taxes, it is ultimately her responsibility to ensure that these taxes are paid. As such, it is important to address this issue as soon as possible to avoid any further penalties or complications.
The situation you and your wife are facing is a common one for F1 and H1B couples. However, it is crucial to consult a tax advisor and take the necessary steps to correct any mistakes made in your tax filings. By doing so, you can avoid potential penalties and ensure that your tax status is accurately reflected. Moving forward, it may also be beneficial to work with a tax advisor to ensure that your taxes are filed correctly and all necessary taxes are paid in a timely manner.
In conclusion, it is important to understand the complexities of the US tax system, especially for couples with different visa statuses. By consulting a tax advisor and taking the necessary steps to amend your tax returns, you can avoid potential penalties and ensure that your taxes are filed correctly. Remember, it is always better to seek professional advice when it comes to taxes, rather than relying on online tax filing services.