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Understanding the Form 5472 Penalty for Foreign Owned LLCs


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If you are a foreign individual who owns a Limited Liability Company (LLC) in the United States, you may be familiar with the Form 5472 penalty. For those who are not, this post will provide an overview of what the Form 5472 penalty is and what it means for foreign owned LLCs.

What is the Form 5472 Penalty?

The Form 5472 penalty is a penalty imposed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on foreign owned LLCs that fail to file Form 5472, also known as the Information Return of a 25% Foreign-Owned U.S. Corporation or a Foreign Corporation Engaged in a U.S. Trade or Business.

This form is required to be filed by all 25% foreign-owned US corporations or foreign corporations engaged in a US trade or business. It is used to report certain transactions between the foreign-owned LLC and its foreign owners or related parties, such as sales, purchases, loans, and other transactions.

Failure to file this form can result in a penalty of $25,000 per year, per LLC. This means that if your LLC has not filed Form 5472 for the past two years, the total penalty could be $50,000. And if the IRS determines that the failure to file was intentional, the penalty can increase to $10,000 per month, with no maximum cap.

How to Check for Form 5472 Penalties

Now, let's address your first question: is there a way for your friend to check if there are any penalties attached to his LLC? The best way to determine this is to consult with a tax advisor. They will be able to review your friend's LLC's tax filings and determine if any penalties have been assessed.

It is important to note that the IRS may have sent a penalty notice to your friend's LLC's registered address. If he has not been receiving mail at that address, he may have missed the penalty notice and may not be aware of the penalties imposed on his LLC. This is why it is crucial to regularly check your LLC's mail, especially if it is registered at a different address.

The Consequences of Ignoring the Form 5472 Penalty

Now, let's address your second question: what happens if your friend discovers that he owes a penalty but chooses to ignore it and not pay? This is a risky move that could have serious consequences for both your friend and his LLC.

Ignoring the Form 5472 penalty can result in the IRS taking legal action against your friend and his LLC. This can include placing a tax lien on his LLC's assets, seizing his LLC's bank accounts, and even revoking his LLC's business license.

Furthermore, if your friend ever wants to apply for a US visa or green card, the Form 5472 penalty may show up on his record and could potentially affect his application. It is always better to address any tax issues as soon as possible to avoid any future complications.


In conclusion, the Form 5472 penalty is a serious matter that should not be ignored by foreign owned LLCs. It is important for your friend to consult with a tax advisor or CPA to determine if any penalties have been imposed on his LLC and to take the necessary steps to rectify the situation.

Additionally, it is important for your friend to regularly check his LLC's mail and stay up-to-date on all tax filing requirements to avoid any future penalties. As a foreign owner of a US LLC, it is crucial to seek professional advice and stay informed about all tax obligations to ensure the success and compliance of your business.